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Obesity and Laparoscopic Weight Loss Surgery

8/17 11:53:44
It is quite surprising to note that even in the midst of increased number of global health or fitness awareness programs--- obesity- a spectrum of diseases related to excess weight--- ranks as a major health challenge and makes for a significant cause for preventable mortality. The spectrum ranges from mild to morbid obesity. Those who are afflicted with morbid obesity, generally, do not respond to medical treatments aimed at weight loss. Surgical treatments, therefore, becomes imminent for people looking to shed those extra kilos.

One of the most popular means of weight loss surgery, thus employed by medical practitioners is the laparoscopic approach. The laparoscopic surgery is generally meant for treating people, who are severely overweight. This method involves the use of laparoscope (a specialized telescope) meant for viewing the stomach, that allows little abdominal incisions. It has some immediate benefits over open surgery like quicker recovery and the ability to return to pre-surgical level of activity. Today within the scope of this post we will discuss a bit on what obesity is and what are the surgical mean of treating the same.

What is Severe Obesity?

Severe or morbid obesity is often referred to as the complicated disorder in relation to energy metabolism or appetite regulation triggered by the combination of psychological, genetic, social and environmental influences. The exact medical cause, though, is yet to be zeroed in on. However, much against the popular notion, the disease is not simply a result of lack of appetite control by the patient. The set point of stored energy might be too high in the patient that results in extra intake of calories, low energy release coupled with low metabolism.

Is Medication Effective?

Long term medical therapy has an inconsequential role in the treatment of severe obesity. The patient might as well lose around 11-22 pounds. However, he or she might start gaining weight once the medicines are withdrawn. So there has been a number of surgical options devised over the last 50 years. Some of these methods include:

* Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
* Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass surgery for weight loss
* Laparoscopic Gastric banding
* Gastric Imbrication
* Malabsorbtion procedures using duodenal switch or else biliopancreatic diversion

The laparoscopic gastric surgery for weight loss has proved quite effective for patients. The laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery aims at reducing your calories intake, to a large extent. The entire process involves a simple rationale of diminishing stomach size and connecting guts to the food that results in fast experience of food gratification and the consequent trimming of calorie intake.

The laparoscopic gastric banding treatment involves entering a unique band in your stomach and it is wrapped around the belly to make it smaller. A balloon can be used near the band as a means of orienting the size of the belly. The gastric bypass surgery, on the other hand, results in the division of stomach in two components. The pouch aids in the transfer of food to the intestine and results in quick amends after taking in even a fraction of the food.
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